Implementation of the energy diplomacy policy.
In order to protect national energy interests outside the country, put into action competitive advantages of Ukrainian energy sector's companies abroad, contribute to the expansion of the Ukrainian energy product representation geography, create joint companies and associations and develop business contacts, Ukraine needs to intensify implementation of the energy diplomacy. This process should begin with setting up of systematic work of relevant national agencies, companies and other energy sector's participants. Ukraine needs full coordination between executive and legislative powers, relevant ministries, companies, experts and specialists in this area and society. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to create a relevant inter-agency body for coordination of the national policy with a view to protect and advocate Ukraine's energy interests abroad. In accordance with exemplary foreign experience, such body can be an Energy Security Office, headed by the director – special commissioner for the energy security. The Office, within its authorities and jointly with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, will interact with the EU's bodies and agencies, embassies and delegations of foreign states and international organizations in Ukraine, Delegation of Ukraine in the EU, NATO's International Staff and NATO Headquarters, other NATO's bodies and agencies, embassies of NATO's member countries and partner countries in Ukraine, NATO's representative office in Ukraine, Mission of Ukraine to NATO, other Ukrainian diplomatic and consular institutions abroad. Besides this, in accordance with priorities of the national policy in the sphere of assuring the energy security, in consideration of the current status and perspectives of development of the foreign economic and foreign political relations of Ukraine in the sphere of energy, the Energy Security Office will identify optimal and efficient areas for intensification of bilateral and multilateral cooperation.
From the perspective of strengthening the Ukraine's position in the energy arena, there are two important areas of cooperation
- Participation in the work of international organizations and formations: initiation of new contacts and intensification of work in the framework of current agreements and memberships in organizations.
- Setting up and intensification of direct bilateral and multilateral cooperation of Ukraine with other states in order to consolidate partnership international relations in the sphere of power supply.
In a current situation of modern acute challenges to the energy security, it is important that Ukraine sets up close cooperation with nearest neighbors in the European region, in particular with Visegrad 4 countries: Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Czechia. Cooperation in this configuration will allow Ukraine to occupy a firm position in promoting the idea of creation of the regional natural gas market – East European gas hub. Besides, it will lead to intensification of the process of synchronization of the United Energy System of Ukraine with the EU's energy systems (ENTSO-E).
An important practical step aimed at strengthening the energy security of Ukraine is intensification of the Ukraine's work and role in international organizations and projects aimed at the international energy cooperation. This activity is aimed at establishing Ukraine as an important energy market player in the region and at formation of a system of mutually advantageous relations between Ukraine and partner countries in the sphere of energy security, as well as enhancement of the national security at large.
In order to strengthen own positions in the international energy field, Ukraine must take more active participation in the work of international organizations and efficiently use their tools for satisfying own needs. To carry out reforms and attract investments in the oil sector, Ukraine needs to intensify its cooperation with the OPEC Fund for International Development. EU integration commitments of Ukraine require intensification of efficient, practical and result-oriented collaboration with the European Energy Cooperation. In order to enhance the internal capability of resisting to modern cyber-threats and to secure as much as possible the critical infrastructure, it is crucial for Ukraine to join the energy security activities of the NATO's Center of Excellence and to intensify cooperation with them, which will allow to involve the Alliance's best experience in formation of the protection system within the energy security issues.
Special attention should be paid to the work of domestic companies in joint energy projects of other countries. This cooperation will indirectly contribute to gaining new experience and knowledge, and may encourage development of energy technologies in Ukraine, application of new solutions in mining and processing of energy resources, investments in the energy sector of Ukraine. Profits from these activities may be partially used for development of new energy projects in Ukraine. The Energy Security Office can identify, - in a qualified manner and based on the perfect understanding of the domestic energy potential - the list of priority countries for cooperation, in accordance with national interests of Ukraine.
Using its especially advantageous geopolitical location, Ukraine needs to expand the range of foreign energy relations. In addition to the active policy of cooperation with EU and Northern American countries, expansion of the relations geography in south-east direction should also be considered.
African countries are potentially interesting and so far weakly covered with the Ukrainian energy business. Level of cooperation with these countries is very low, taking into account the minimal number of visits of Ukrainian high officials and weakly developed contractual and legal basis. Potentially, Ukraine could occupy promising sales markets for national technologies and energy resources, thus enlisting the African region support in other strategic foreign-policy issues.
Considerable demand for energy commodities, equipment and technologies for construction of power industry facilities and for exploration and mining of natural resources of South and South-East Asia's countries provides new opportunities for setting up sectorial cooperation between Ukraine and countries of this region. Besides this, Ukraine must create necessary conditions for foreign investments, which will allow not only to apply and develop new innovative technologies but also to increase the sector financing for its further modernization. Strategically important for Ukraine is the intensification of cooperation with China, Japan and North Korea, especially in nuclear and renewable sectors. Considering the role of nuclear power engineering in Ukraine, bringing bilateral relations in the mentioned directions to a strategic level shall become a priority in the Ukraine's energy policy.
It is a good perspective for Ukraine to have a closer cooperation with Middle East countries, considering important volumes of product markets, presence of considerable reserves of energy resources and opportunity to participate in promising energy infrastructure development projects in the region's countries. Intensification of collaboration with the Persian Gulf countries may strengthen the Ukraine's position in the oil and gas transport sector, by increasing the transport of energy resources from Orient to Europe. In addition, cooperation with Oriental countries in the nuclear power engineering – in order to share experience and implement joint nuclear projects - is also of strategic nature.
Potentially perspective directions for the energy diplomacy expansion include South and Central America's countries. This cooperation is complicated by geographic remoteness of the region, but this will not influence on the intensification of the scientific-practical cooperation.